Penyakit Menular Seksual (PMS)


Penyakit Menular Seksual (PMS) merupakan suatu infeksi atau penyakit yang kebanyakan ditularkan melalui hubungan seksual (oral, anal, atau lewat vagina). PMS juga diartikan sebagai penyakit kelamin atau infeksi yang ditularkan melalui hubungan seksual. Harus diperhatikan bahwa PMS menyerang sekitar alat kelamin tetapi gejalanya dapat muncul dan menyerang mata, mulut, saluran pencernaan, hati, otak, dan organ tubuh lainnya.

Kebanyakan PMS membahayakan organ-organ reproduksi. Pada wanita, PMS menghancurkan dinding vagina atau leher rahim, biasanya tanpa tanda-tanda infeksi. Pada pria, yang terinfeksi lebih dulu adalah saluran air kencing. Jika PMS tidak diobati dapat menyebabkan keluarnya cairan yang tidak normal dari penis dan berakibat sakit pada waktu buang air kecil.

Jika tidak segera diobati, PMS dapat berpengaruh terhadap fungsi organ-organ reproduksi dalam, bahkan menyebabkan kemandulan pada pria maupun wanita. Berikut akan diuraikan beberapa PMS yang dapat menyerang sistem reproduksi pada manusia.

1.    Gonorhoe (Kencing Nanah)
Penyakit gonorhoe merupakan penyakit yang ditandai dengan kencing bernanah. Penyakit ini terjadi karena infeksi bakteri Neisseria gonnorhoea pada saluran kencing. Gonore dapat menyerang pria maupun wanita dan dapat ditularkan dari ibu pada bayinya.

2.    Sifilis (Raja Singa)
Penyakit sifilis merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh infeksi bakteri Treponema pallidium pada saluran kelamin. Sifilis dapat menyerang pria maupun wanita. Penyakit ini dapat menular melalui hubungan seksual dan transfusi darah dengan penderita.

3.    AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficience Syndrome)
AIDS merupakan penyakit yang terjadi karena menurunnya kekebalan tubuh. AIDS disebabkan oleh infeksi virus HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). Virus ini menyerang sel darah putih yang mengakibatkan kekebalan tubuh menurun. Keberadaan HIV di dalam darah perlu waktu yang lama untuk dapat diketahui. Sebab, keberadaan HIV ini tidak memperlihatkan gejala penyakit tertentu.

Sampai saat ini HIV/AIDS tidak dapat disembuhkan dan merusak sistem kekebalan tubuh manusia yang memiliki peranan paling penting dalam melawan penyakit. Banyak orang meninggal karena AIDS disebabkan oleh sistem kekebalan tubuh mereka tidak dapat melawan infeksi. Penularan penyakit AIDS ini dapat terjadi melalui hubungan seksual dengan penderita, pemakaian jarum suntik bekas penderita, dan transfusi darah yang tercemar HIV. Ibu hamil yang mengidap HIV dapat pula menularkan kepada bayinya.


Demikian saya ucapkan terima kasih untuk kunjungannya, semoga bermanfaat bagi kita semua. Silahkan kasih komentar jika ada yang hal-hal yang ingin ditanyakan tentang Materi dan Soal Biologi SMP SMA Rembang. Atau contact saya di no HP. 085641467626. Atau via email di co.gaul86@gmail.com.

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